By Masud Mansuripur and Ewan Wright

A lossless beam-splitter has certain (complex-valued) probability amplitudes for sending an incoming photon into one of two possible directions. We use elementary laws of classical and quantum optics to obtain general relations among the magnitudes and phases of these probability amplitudes. Proceeding to examine a pair of (nearly) single-mode wavepackets... Show more

March 23, 2023

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Fundamental properties of beam-splitters in classical and quantum optics

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