Influence of chemical modifications of the crystallophore on protein nucleating properties and supramolecular interactions network.
Crystallophores are lanthanide complexes that have demonstrated outstanding induction of crystallization for various proteins. This article explores the effect of tailored modifications of the crystallophore first generation and studies their impact on the nucleating properties, and protein crystal structures. Through high-throughput crystallization experiments and dataset analysis, we evaluated the effectiveness of these variants, in comparison to the first crystallophore generation G1. In particular, the V1 variant, featuring a propyl-3-ol pendant arm, demonstrated the ability to produce new crystallization conditions for the proteins tested (hen-egg white lysozyme, proteinase K and thaumatin). Structural analysis performed in the case of hen egg-white lysozyme along with Molecular Dynamics simulations, highlights V1's unique behavior, taking advantage of the flexibility of its propyl-3-ol arm to explore different protein surfaces and form versatile supramolecular interactions.