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Experimental Studies of Carpenter Bee (Xylocopa: Apidae) Thorax Mechanics During Defensive Buzzing

By M. Jankauski and others at
LogoMontana State University
Approximately 10% of flowering plant species conceal their pollen within tube-like poricidal anthers. Bees extract pollen from poricidal anthers via floral buzzing, a behavior during which they apply cyclic forces by biting the anther and rapidly contracting their flight muscles. The success of pollen extraction during floral buzzing relies on... Show more
August 5, 2022
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